Stocks and pillories were reintroduced in Panama in 1995. According to a news report from InterPress Service:
"Authorities on Panama's western coast, in a practice recalling the Middle Ages, have brought back the wooden pillory to punish rebellious native peoples, a local humanitarian group has charged.
Activists of Catholic group Service of Peace and Justice (Serpaj) showed photographs of an improvised pillory used to hold indigenous men, women and children accused of breaking the law. The pillory was constructed of two wooden boards with openings in the shape of a half moon. It is used to immobilize a person by his neck, feet or arms.
Jose Mendoza, coordinator of Serpaj, told IPS that they have already identified four locations where local officials are using this medieval punishment device to imprison accused lawbreakers by their feet.
Mendoza said that Serpaj activists confirmed the use of pillories in Chorcha in the district of San Felix, in Cerro Iglesia, the districts of Remedios and in Cerro Puerco, and in the district of Tole -- all located in the western province of Chiriqui, bordering Costa Rica. Pillories were also set up in El Prado, district of Las Palmas of the same province, he added.
Victims of this punishment are the Ngobe-Bugle indigenous
people. For the last 20 years they have been locked in dispute
with the government for the return of some 11,000 sq kms of
territory located in Chiriqui and in the western provinces of
Veraguas and Bocas del Toro."
According to a Panamanian newspaper, the stocks were still being used in 2020. A dozen indigenous youths, members of the
Piriati Embera community in the Chepo district, have been sentenced to time in the
stocks for flouting the corona virus lockdown rules. Local leaders said they are
enforcing government quarantine and travel decrees and carrying out extensive